八成三市民支持南生圍保育 環團呼籲政府著手研究保育方案

今年三月南生圍的蘆葦床起火,南生圍的保育狀況及威脅再度受到關注。環保團體創建香港、綠色和平、綠色力量、長春社、香港觀鳥會及香港地球之友早前委託香港大學民意研究計劃進行全港性抽樣問卷調查,成功訪問一千零三名市民有關南生圍保育的意見。
民調指當中八成三的市民支持保育南生圍的自然景觀;六成一的市民支持根據法例向土地業權人收地、或以非原址換地等方式,長遠保育南生圍的自然環境。長春社公共事務經理吳希文指從民調中清晰可見,市民希望保育南生圍毋庸置疑,民調結果亦顯示有不少聲音支持政府出手保育南生圍,過往政府在新自然保育政策下認為不少保育方案並不切實可行,然而新自然保育政策自2004年推行至今已超過十年,政府宜再檢討當中各保育方案。
香港觀鳥會高級保育主任胡明川又指南生圍有獨特的生態及景觀,在2004年被加入新自然保育政策須優先加強保育地點清單之中,其重要性不比清單中的其他項目低。南生圍毗連具國際保育地位的米埔內后海灣拉姆薩爾濕地,亦位於「濕地保育區」內,是后海灣濕地生態系統不可劃割的一部分。南生圍的生態環境豐富,有魚塘、泥灘、潮澗帶等,其大片的蘆葦床更是全港數一數二。這為不少具保育價值的雀鳥及野生動物提供覓食及棲息地,包括全球瀕危的黑臉琵鷺、受區域關注的中華攀雀、受本地關注的黃葦鳽,以及全球近危的歐亞水獺。該區魚塘旁邊的樹木也是冬候鳥普通鸕鷀在后海灣地區重要的晚棲地。因此,南生圍的生態環境及必須要被保育。
兩位立法會議員鄺俊宇及朱凱廸亦分別指出南生圍的公眾價值,面對破壞,政府不應坐視不理。南生圍鄰近元朗市中心,除了擁有具高生態及保育價值的生境,南生圍也是不少電影及電視劇的取景地方,假日時亦吸引不少遊人前來踩單車、野餐、郊遊等,是受市民喜愛的鄉郊休閒地點。近十年來已有七次火災,然而未有一人被捕,再加上發展項目的威脅,不禁令人懷疑政府是否故意縱容環境破壞。
綠色力量總監鄭睦奇博士表示民調中見出市民對於收回南生圍、或以非原址換地等長遠保育方案並不抗拒,甚至支持,政府應著力研究南生圍的長遠保育方案。短期內,政府亦應出招以防南生圍再被火燒和各種破壞威脅,制訂管理協議令現時的生境得以被保護和管理,讓市民和下一代都可以享受這片自然環境。
二零一八年五月二日
83% of the public support conservation of Nam Seng Wai Green Groups call for Government to lead conservation efforts
(2 May 2018) In March this year, the reed beds in Nam Sang Wai were set on fire. The threat to the conservation of Nam Sang Wai is of great concern. Green groups including Designing Hong Kong (DHK), Greenpeace, Green Power, The Conservancy Association (CA), Hong Kong Bird Watching Society (HKBWS) and Friends of the Earth (HK) recruited the Public Opinion Program of the University of Hong Kong (HKU POP) to conduct a public opinion survey. 1,003 people were successfully interviewed on the conservation of Nam Seng Wai. The poll result shows that 83% of the people interviewed support the conservation of the natural landscape of Nam Sang Wai. 61% of the people support land resumption and non-in-situ land exchange to permanently protect and conserve the natural environment of Nam Sang Wai.
Mr. Hei Man Ng, Campaign Manager of CA, pointed out that citizen’s determination to conserve Nam Sang Wai is confirmed by the poll results. It showed that the Hong Kong government should put great effort in conserving Nam Sang Wai. He supplemented that the conservation measures set out in the 2004 New Nature Conservation Policy are no longer practical. Government is urged to review its conservation policy.
Ms. Ming Chuan Woo, Senior Conservation Officer of HKBWS, explained that Nam Sang Wai has an unique ecology and natural landscape. It has been listed as one of the priority sites for enhanced conservation under the New Nature Conservation Policy since 2004. Its importance is similar to the other priority sites. Nam Sang Wai is zoned as Conservation Area and is adjacent to the Ramsar Site, which is well-known around the world. It is an important part of the Deep Bay Wetland Ecosystem. She pointed out that there is a rich ecological environment in Nam Sang Wai, including fish ponds, mudflats and tidal belts. Its large reed beds are one of the best in Hong Kong. This provides forage and a habitat for many conservation species of birds and wildlife, including the globally endangered Black-faced Spoonbill, Chinese Penduline Tit, Yellow Bittern and the Eurasian Otter. The trees along the fish ponds are also an important habitat for common migratory birds such as the Great Cormorant. Therefore, the ecological environment in Nam Sang Wai must be conserved.
Mr. Chun Yu Kwong and Mr. Hoi Dick Chu, both Legislators, noted the the recreational value of Nam Sang for the general public. The government is urged to halt the eco-vandalism. Nam Sang Wai is close to the Yuen Long Town Hall. Apart from having high ecological and conservation values, Nam Sang Wai is also a location for production of movies and TV dramas. It is a very popular rural leisure spot and tourists are attracted to cycle, relax and picnic here during holidays. Over the past ten years there have been seven fires. However, no one has been arrested. Coupled with the threat of private development, it is suspicious that the government condones this destructive behavior.
Dr. Luk Ki Cheng, Director of Green Power, said that the citizens are not reluctant and even support land resumption and non-in-situ land exchange to ensure the long-term conservation of Nam Sang Wai. Government should make every effort to identify a long-term conservation program for Nam Sang Wai. In the short term, the Government should take measures to prevent the fires and other threats of destruction. It should formulate a management agreement so that the existing habitat can be protected and managed. Only in this way we can ensure that the next generation can enjoy this natural environment.

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